Taj Mahal, is a mausoleum located in the south of the river Yamuna, in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It symbolizes India's awesome architecture and richess. It is one of the seven wonders of the modern world. To know more about the Taj Mahal, discover the five important highlights of this wonderful monument, including its architecture, origin and purtoses, myths, tourism, safety and precautions.
1- Architecture, design and construction of the Taj Mahal
- The mausoleum was built from 1632 to 1653. It is made of white ivory, white marble, and 28 different kinds of precious stones and semi-precious stones on a 17-hectare area, with a height of 240 feet. Precious and semi-precious stones are from India, Asia and Arabia, including jasper, jade, crystal, turquoise, lapis lazuli, sapphire, and carnelian.
- The Emperor Shah Jahan exchanged a large palace in Agra for the Taj Mahal construction site which belonged to Maharajah Jai Singh.
- 20,000 workers contributed to the construction of the site. They were led by Ustad Ahmad Lahori, the chief architect of the Emperor.
- The whole construction cost around 32 million rupees at that time.
2- Its origin and purposes
Taj Mahal was dedicated by the Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan (1628 – 1658) to his deceased beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. His wife died after giving birth to her 14th child.
To commemorate his lost wife, he appointed a talented architect to lead the construction work which lasted around 12 years. Taj Mahal is a tomb where Mumtaz Mahal rests in peace.
Apart from that, Taj Mahal is a mosque and a guest house. A few years after the completion of the construction work, the Emperor Shah Jahan passed away. His son buried him next to his wife.
3- Tourism in Taj Mahal: entrance fees and opening hours. Since 1983, Taj Mahal has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Every year, it attracts millions of tourists. The entrance fee is based on a two-tier system, which gives permission to Indians to visit the monument at a lower cost.
- Visitors must take an electric bus or park their vehicles far from the complex to prevent pollution.
- The opening hours are from 6:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. from Monday to Thursday. The area is open for prayers from 12:00 p.m. to 2 :00 p.m. on Fridays.
- The monument is open for night viewing on full moon except on Fridays and on the month of the Ramadan.
4- Safety and precautions when visiting Taj Mahal: Visitors are not allowed to bring many things with them inside the monument. They can only bring a camera, a mobile phone, a transparent plastic bottle of water, and a small purse.
5- Myths around Taj Mahal: Lots of myths evolved around the construction of the Taj Mahal. There are still a lot to discover about this awe-inspiring monument.
Find out more about it by visiting Taj Mahal on your next vacation. Book your flight with Opodo's website, an online travel agency which will organize your trip from your flight to accommodation and more, Opodo also offers car rental services. Our dynamic packages will make your trip and stay at this fascinating area unforgettable and enjoyable.